Abbreviations

Ac – acetyl

Alloc – allyloxycarbonyl

BBN (9-BBN) – 9-borabicyclo[3.3.1]nonane (9-BBN)

BHT – 2,6-di-t-butyl-p-cresol (butylated hydroxytoluene)

BINAP – 2,2′-bis(diphenylphosphino)-1,1′-binaphthyl

BINOL – 1,1′-bi-2,2′-naphthol

bipy – 2,2′-bipyridyl

Bn – benzyl

Boc – t-butoxycarbonyl

BOP-Cl – bis(2-oxo-3-oxazolidinyl)phosphinic chloride

BQ – benzoquinone

Bz – benzoyl

Cbz (Z) – benzyloxycarbonyl

CDI – carbonyl diimidazole

COD – 1,5-cyclooctadiene

CSA – camphorsufonic acid

DABCO – 1,4-diazabicyclo[2.2.2]octane

DAST – diethylaminosulfur trifluoride

DBAD – di-tert-butylazodicarboxylate

DBN – 1,5-diazabicyclo[4.3.0]non-5-ene

DBU – 1,8-diazabicyclo[5.4.0]undec-7-ene

DCC – dicyclohexylcarbodiimide

DCE – dichloroethane

DCM – dichloromethane

DDQ – 2,3-dichloro-5,6-dicyano-1,4-benzoquinone

DEAD – diethyl azodicarboxylate

DET – diethyl tartrate

DHP – 3,4-dihydro-2H-pyran

DIAD – diisopropyl azodicarboxylate

DIB (BAIB or PIDA) – (diacetoxyiodo)benzene

DIBAL (DIBAH) DIBAL-H – diisobutylaluminum hydride

DIPEA (Hünig’s base) – diisopropylethylamine

DMA (DMAC) – N,N-dimethylacetamide

DMAD – dimethyl acetylene dicarboxylate

DMAP – N,N-4-dimethylaminopyridine

DMDO – dimethyl dioxirane

DME – 1,2-dimethoxyethane

DMF – N,N-dimethylformamide

DMP – Dess-Martin periodinane

DMPS – dimethylphenylsilyl

DMPU – 1,3-dimethyl-3,4,5,6-tetrahydro-2(1H)-pyrimidone (N,N-dimethyl propylene urea)

DMS – dimethylsulfide

DMSO – dimethylsulfoxide

DPPA – diphenylphosphoryl azide (diphenylphosphorazidate)

dppe – 1,2-bis(diphenylphosphino)ethane

dppf – 1,1′-bis(diphenylphosphino)ferrocene

DPS (also TBDPS or BPS) – t-butyldiphenylsilyl

EDC (EDAC) – 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)carbodiimide (ethyldimethylaminopropylcarbodiimide)

EDCI – 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)carbodiimide hydrochloride

EDTA – ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid

Fmoc – 9-fluorenylmethoxycarbonyl

HATU – O-(7-azabenzotriazol-1-yl)-N,N,N’,N’ – tetramethyluronium hexafluorophosphate

HMDS – 1,1,1,3,3,3-hexamethyldisilazane

HMPA – hexamethylphosphoric acid triamide (hexamethylphosphoramide)

HOAt – 1-hydroxy-7-azabenzotriazole

HOBt (HOBT) – 1-hydroxybenzotriazole

IBX – o-iodoxybenzoic acid

Imid (Im) – imidazole

KHMDS – potassium bis(trimethylsilyl)amide

LDA – lithium diisopropylamide

LHMDS (LiHMDS) – lithium bis(trimethylsilyl)amide

LiTMP (LTMP) – lithium 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidide

L-selectride – lithium tri-sec-butylborohydride

LTA – lead tetraacetate

MAD – methyl aluminum bis(2,6-di-t-butyl-4-methylphenoxide)

m-CPBA – meta chloroperbenzoic acid

Mes – mesityl

MOM – methoxymethyl

Ms – mesyl (methanesulfonyl)

MVK – methyl vinyl ketone

NaHMDS – sodium bis(trimethylsilyl)amide

NBS – N-bromosuccinimide

NCS – N-chlorosuccinimide

NIS – N-iodosuccinimide

NMM – N-methylmorpholine

NMO – N-methylmorpholine oxide

NMP – N-methyl-2-pyrrolidinone

Ns – 2-nitrobenzenesulfonyl

Oxone – potassium peroxymonosulfate

PCC – pyridinium chlorochromate

PDC – pyridinium dichromate

PIDA (BAIB or DIB) – phenyliodonium diacetate

PIFA – phenyliodonium bis(trifluoroacetate)

Piv – pivaloyl

PMB (MPM) – p-methoxybenzyl

PPTS – pyridinium p-toluenesulfonate

PTSA (or TsOH) – p-toluenesulfonic acid

SEM – 2-(trimethylsilyl)ethoxymethyl

TASF – tris(diethylamino)sulfonium difluorotrimethylsilicate

TBAB – tetra-n-butylammonium bromide

TBAF – tetra-n-butylammonium fluoride

TBAI – tetra-n-butylammonium iodide

TBDMS (TBS) – t-butyldimethylsilyl

TBDPS (BPS) – t-butyldiphenylsilyl

TBHP – tert-butyl hydroperoxide

TEA – triethylamine

TEMPO – 2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-1-piperidinyloxy free radical

Teoc – 2-(trimethylsilyl)ethoxycarbonyl

TES – triethylsilyl

Tf – trifluoromethanesulfonyl

TFA – trifluoroacetic acid

TFAA – trifluoroacetic anhydride

THP – (2-)tetrahydropyranyl

TIPS – triisopropylsilyl

TMEDA – N,N,N’,N’-tetramethylethylenediamine

TPAP – tetra-n-propylammonium perruthenate

Troc – 2,2,2-trichloroethoxycarbonyl

Ts (Tos) – p-toluenesulfonyl

Z (Cbz) – benzyloxycarbonyl

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